Rock climbing is an activity in which participants climb up, down or across natural rock formations or artificial rock walls.

The goal is to reach the summit of a formation or the endpoint of a pre-defined route without falling. Rock climbing is a physically and mentally demanding sport, one that often tests a climber’s strength, endurance, agility and balance along with mental control.


The most commonly used method to ascend climbs refers to climbs where the climber’s own physical strength and skill are relied on to accomplish the climb. Free climbing may rely on top rope belay systems, or on lead climbing to establish protection and the belay stations. Anchors, ropes and protection are used to back up the climber and are passive as opposed to active ascending aids. Subtypes of free climbing are trad climbing and sport climbing. Free climbing is generally done as “clean lead” meaning no pitons or pins are used as protection.


Free soloing, referred to as “soloing” in the UK, is single-person climbing without the use of any rope or protection system whatsoever. If a fall occurs and the climber is not over water (as in the case of deep water soloing), the climber is likely to be killed or seriously injured. Though technically similar to bouldering, free solo climbing typically refers to routes that are far taller and/or far more lethal than bouldering. The term “highball” is used to refer to climbing on the boundary between free soloing and bouldering, where what is usually climbed as a boulder problem may be high enough for a fall to cause serious injury (20 ft. and higher) and hence could also be considered to be a free solo.




Climbing ropes are typically of kernmantle construction, consisting of a core (kern) of long twisted fibres and an outer sheath (mantle) of woven coloured fibres. The core provides about 80% of the tensile strength, while the sheath is a durable layer that protects the core and gives the rope desirable handling characteristics.


Climbers may decide whether to wear a helmet based on a number of factors such as the type of climb being attempted, concerns about weight, reductions in agility, added encumbrances, or simple vanity.


Specifically designed foot wear is usually worn for climbing. To increase the grip of the foot on a climbing wall or rock face due to friction, the shoe is soled with a vulcanized rubber layer. Usually, shoes are only a few millimetres thick and fit very snugly around the foot.


Chris Omprakash Sharma spent his childhood in Santa Cruz, California and has been rock climbing since he was 12 years old. A Bouldering National champ at 14, Chris had already decided rock climbing was his pulse. On turning 15, he completed a “5.14c climb which was the highest rated climb in North America at that time”. He has nailed some of the toughest rock climbing routes in the world like they were child’s play including Es Pontas & La Rambla. With tons of awards to his name, Chris Sharma is easily one of the best names in the sport. He also gets sponsored by some of the biggest adventure gear & sports companies in the world like Petzl, Nutriex, Evolv, Sanuk & Sterling Ropes. King of Lines is a film that follows his adventures & climbs from all over the world and is also reflective of his personal life as a climber. Chris has now moved to Spain & is busy discovering & setting his next routes in the mountains.


Steph Davis is one of the very few woman climbers (also one of the best!) that has managed to inspire youngsters of her age to pick up rock climbing as an activity for liberating soul & fear. Climbing for the “love” of it has always been her motto to pick up some of the toughest rocks faces. She constantly challenges herself to discover thoughts she never comes across on the barren land inhabited by crowds. Her childhood was spent mostly in Illinois but she soon moved to Colorado while pursuing higher education. A law university dropout by choice, she can be found “bouldering” on the mountains of El Capitan in Yosemite. She was the first woman to free-climb the Salathe’s Wall (El Cap) & the second to free climb El Capitan in just one day. Steph is also an avid blogger, traveler, BASE jumper & wingsuit flyer and is currently based out of Moab, either living in her truck or a tent.


Catherine Monique Suzanne Destivelle was born on 24th July 1960 in Oran (Algeria), Catherine is a French rock climber & mountaineer who is easily among the most recognizable faces in the world of rock climbing. She was the first woman to successfully climb the ascent of Eiger’s North face, solo and that too in under 15 hours. After quitting her career as a physiotherapist, Catherine became a full time professional rock climber by entering into her first competition in the year 1985. She has never looked back since and some of her most popular climbs are proof of that: 13c route (Chouca at Boux- hardest route in the world climbed by a woman, Bonatti Route – Matterhorn, north face direct of the Cima Grande di Lavaredo etc.) She is also a successful speaker & helps various companies in understanding more about risk, accomplishing goals etc.

“Without a rope there is no fear, because to fall is unthinkable.”

Catherine Destivelle




Elevation: 2,016 meters
Location: France
Parent Range: Hautes-Alpes department 
of France

Mount Temple

Elevation: 3,544 m (11,627 ft)
Location: Alberta, Canada
Parent range: Bow Range

El Capitan

Elevation: 7,573 ft (2,308 m)
Location: Yosemite National Park, California
Parent range: Sierra Nevada